Forged wheels

Forged wheels

Crane Forging Wheel Common Materials

The forged wheel is the core part of the crane operation mechanism, which is installed on the end beam of the bridge crane or the leg of the gantry crane, supporting the crane and load to travel, and the working pressure is larger and the strength is higher. Therefore, the quality requirements of crane wheels are higher. At present, the types of materials used for forging wheels are mainly 65#, 65Mn, 42CrMo and so on.

Forged wheel material

1. 65# Forged wheels

65# steel, medium to high spring steel. The steel manufacturing crane forging wheel, after heat treatment or cold hardening has high strength, hardness and elasticity, cold deformation plasticity is low, weldability is not good, generally using oil quenching, large section parts using water quenching oil cold or normalizing treatment hardening. Its characteristic is that its fatigue strength can be comparable to that of alloy spring steel under the same configuration.

Mechanical properties: tensile strength σb (MPa)≥695, yield strength σs (MPa)≥410, annealed steel ≤229, sample blank size 25mm.

Heat treatment process: 810℃ normalizing, quenching temperature 780-830℃, oil or water cooling; Tempering temperature 400-600℃.

2. 65Mn Forged wheels

65Mn spring steel, after heat treatment and cold drawing hardening, high strength, has a certain toughness and plasticity; In the same surface state and fully quenched condition, the fatigue limit is comparable to that of alloy springs. Through manganese to improve the hardenability, Φ12mm steel oil can be quenched, the surface decarburization tendency is smaller than silicon steel, after heat treatment of the comprehensive mechanical properties are better than carbon steel, but there is overheating sensitivity and temper brittleness.

Annealing process: annealing temperature (860±10)℃, heat preservation 45-60min, furnace cooling to (750±10)℃, heat preservation 3–3.5h, after the furnace cooling 650-660℃, the oven pile cold or into the insulation pit slow cooling. Metallographic structure meets the requirements: pearlite structure 2.5–6 grade, with about 4 grade as the best, the process yield 80%-100%.

65Mn steel plate strength, hardness, elasticity and hardenability are higher than 65 steel, with overheating sensitivity and tempering brittleness tendency, water quenching has a tendency to crack. The machinability of annealed state is reasonable, the cold deformation plasticity is low, and the weldability is poor.

3. 42CrMo forged wheels

42CrMo steel is ultra-high strength steel, with high strength and toughness, hardenability is also good, no obvious tempering brittleness, high fatigue limit and resistance to multiple shocks after tempering treatment, low temperature impact toughness is good.

Mechanical properties: Hardness annealing 147~241HB, tensile strength σb (MPa) ≥1080(110), yield strength σs (MPa) ≥930(95), elongation δ5 (%) ≥12, section shrinkage ψ (%) ≥45, impact work Akv (J) ≥63, Impact toughness value αkv (J/cm2) ≥78(8), hardness ≤217HB.

Ordinary quenching and tempering specifications: quenching temperature 1000~1050℃, quenching oil or quenching gas, hardness ≥ 60HRC, tempering temperature 160~180℃, tempering time 2h, or tempering temperature 325~375℃, tempering times 2~3 times.

Glory Rail offers all types of Crane Wheels for sale. This includes bridge crane wheels and overhead crane wheels. Also provide container crane, sts crane wheel sales. At the same time, we also supply wheels for carrying equipment in shipyards, steel mills, and kilns.

We have high-quality wheel producers. Can produce forged wheels, cast wheels as well as machined wheels. The material is made of high-quality special steel to ensure longer service life and better stability.

Focusing on rail systems for more than 20 years, Glory Rail has very rich experience in wheel maintenance and replacement. Crane rails and wheels are the basis of crane operation and are the most directly worn and consumed parts. We can customize wheels of various sizes according to your drawings. If you don’t have the exact wheel drawing, our engineers will propose a customized solution according to your usage.

If you have any interested in our crane wheel, just contact us!